The Ten Commandments Were Written on Sapphire Tablets From God’s Throne

Ten Commandments Sapphire

The majority of Christians think of the Ten Commandments as being inscribed on tablets of grey stone. However, rabbinical Judaism as found in the Talmud and Mishnah teaches that the tablets of the law were made of sapphire.[1] This was done to point to God’s creation in the heavens and to His throne.  The Talmud and Mishnah are far from being authoritative and even blasphemous in several respects, especially when teaching on Yeshua (Jesus).  Nevertheless, that does not mean that everything taught in rabbinical Jewish tradition is inaccurate.  Ancient tradition is especially useful in understanding what the Jewish people held to on scores of topics.  Scripture itself corroborates much of what the tradition has to say regarding the sapphire Ten Commandments.

and they saw the God of Israel.  There was under his feet as it were a pavement of sapphire stone, like the very heaven for clearness.  Exodus 24:10 (ESV)

Moses and the rest of Israel’s leadership were given the profound privilege of seeing God.  God appeared in the person of the Son as He expresses God’s image to man (cf. John 1:18; 14:9).  Under God’s feet was something that appeared to be sapphire.  The Hebrew cappiyr (pronounced sap-peer’) can either be translated as a sapphire or lapis lazuli.  It is from this pavement that God carved out the tablets upon which He wrote the law as recorded in Exodus 24:12:

The LORD said to Moses, “Come up to me on the mountain and wait there, that I may give you the tablets of stone, with the law and the commandment, which I have written for their instruction.”

The stone from which the tablets were fashioned almost certainly refers to that which appeared to be sapphire only two verses earlier.  The sapphire is the only type of stone mentioned in the context.  It would be a leap to conclude that the tablets were made from any type of stone other than that which was recorded.  Unfortunately, many do not even consider the sapphire tablets an option because they have been unconsciously influenced by western images of the Ten Commandments.  No doubt that the Charleton Heston film alone has cemented certain imagery into the culture (a fine movie in any respect).

It is even a distinct possibility that the tablets were carved from God’s throne.  Consider Ezekiel 1:26:

Above the expanse over their heads was something like a throne, resembling a sapphire stone.  Above the shape of the throne was a figure of human appearance.

The figure upon this throne was the likeness of the glory of YHWH (Ezek. 1:28).  Like the appearance of God to the elders of Israel, this too was God in the person of the Son.  These two accounts of God appearing are of such a similarity that it is reasonable to conclude that the sapphire foundation and the sapphire throne are one in the same.  Not only were the tablets written on by God, but they were themselves a work of God (Ex. 32:16).  They were then of supernatural origin.  The tablets coming from God’s throne is consistent with both the narrative and the foundational importance of God’s law.

Even today it is evident that the color blue is important to both observant Jews and secular Israel.  The color was intended to remind the Israelites to observe God’s law.  Numbers 15:37-39:

The LORD said to Moses, “Speak to the people of Israel, and tell them to make tassels on the corners of their garments throughout their generations, and to put a cord of blue on the tassel of each corner.  And it shall be a tassel for you to look at and remember all the commandments of the LORD, to do them, not to follow after your own heart and your own eyes, which you are inclined to whore after. 

With the idea of tablets of sapphire in mind, it becomes obvious why a cord of blue would make the wearer mindful of the law.  It makes all the more sense that Isaiah would foresee Israel being blessed with a foundation of sapphires (Is. 54:11).

Why does the Torah enjoin us regarding techelet? Because techelet resembles sapphire, and the Tablets were made of sapphire, to tell you that as long as Bnei Yisrael gaze upon this techelet they are reminded of what is inscribed on the Tablets and observe the commandments, therefore it is written, ‘And you shall see it [the techelet string] and remember all of the commandments of G-d and you shall do them.’

– Mishnat Rabbi Eliezer, Chap. 14

[1] Obadiah Bertinoro on Mishnah, Avot 5:6.  Cf.  Babylonian Talmud, Nedarim 38a.  Note the value of the pieces of the broken tablets.


  1. ex33 moses in the camp was met by God in the tent. ex34 moses near the camp was instructed to chisel out the second set of tablets for God to write on.

    Was Gods throne in this tent? most likely not. Did moses find sapphire lying around to chisel out tablets. Most probably not

    To contend the second set of tablets were carved from sapphire is a stretch.
    Toe believe the Talmud above the bible is a larger stretch.

    perhaps a wonderful story

    • Matthew Ervin says:

      First, note that the article does not make a claim regarding the second set of tablets. The narrative concerns the creation of the first. Where did you glean that this was about the second set? That being said, it’s entirely plausible that Moses was provided with sapphire to make the second if the first were made with the precious stone. It matters to what degree the tablets were, “like” the first (Ex. 34:1).

      Second, to suggest that this article elevates the Talmud above the Bible is dishonest. The very first paragraph assures the reader that this is not the case and even criticizes both the Talmud and Mishnah. Scripture itself is looked to in order to see if the tablets could have been made of sapphire. While the answer is not definitive, the conclusion was simply that there was sufficient evidence to support the possibility of the thesis.

      Thank you for the comment.

    • Jonathan says:

      Actually, it was right in the midst of the “cleft of the rock” visitation that Moses had with God (where His face was glowing from being in God’s presence) that he received the second set of commandments, so yes – it was ENTIRELY possible that God provided the stone for the cutting of the second set of commandments.

  2. Matthew, this is an excellent article.

    The pavement before the throne was not a sheet – but a pavement. It was made of tiles based on the Hebrew wording. Either one tile was cut in half or two were used.

    First I’ve always wondered why Jesus said that wine represented his blood, since wine is purple. The answer is found in the three distinct colors of the tabernacle tapestries and garments. They become immediately clear when you understand that the blue represents the perfect law of righteousness carved from the very pavement of the throne of God. The blue represents the perfect law, the scarlet the blood of atonement, the purple represents the blood mixed with the law – or the fulfillment of law and blood. If you blend the two colors Sapphire and Scarlet which can be done online in any number of tools, voila – the color is purple.

    The reason the wine is the blood of the new covenant which is by the way reference to two distinct things – covenant and blood – is that it is the picture of atoning blood applied to God’s righteous law. The disciples were consuming a picture of the finished covenant of grace.

    According to the Talmud and other Jewish sages, each tablet was 1x1x 1/2 cubits so when they were put together made a cube 1x1x1 cubit in size Even more, the ark of the covenant was sized precisely to fit both sets of the law, the original sapphire tablets and the hewn tablets – making final dimensions of the two sets together 1 x 1 x 2 cubits. The ark was 1.5 x 1.5 x 2.5 cubits. My point is that the ark was made to accommodate both sets of the law. That which God created, and that which Moses cut with just a little extra room inside.

    I think you are absolutely right on the money.

    Blessings… great digging!

    • Both sets of the law were put in the ark? The first one was broken. Where did the bible say there were two sets in the ark?
      The info on the colors of the temple is awesome. thanks.

      • Great question. First there has to be an assumption that the Jewish sages were correct in stating that when the two tablets of the law were put face to face it created a 1 cubit sized cube. If that’s true then the size of the interior of the ark is significant.

        To be clear, I didn’t state they were both in the Ark. Some Jewish sages suggest it but it’s impossible to know from the bible. What I said it was that the Ark was made to accommodate both, only meaning that both could fit inside. Probably was too dramatic of statement on my part “made to” implies intent and we don’t know God’s intent. I could have said, “It’s curious that the Ark had specific capacity to fit both sets of stone tablets.”

        That would certainly be consistent with idea of God’s covenant, God’s grace, God’s mercy, and God’s redemption, always being broader and possessing more capacity than the failures of man.

        Happy digging.

  3. Excellent article. Thanks for the help with this week’s Parsha preparation. Lord bless your efforts.

  4. Wow this is beautiful. Just one more point I can use to pass the word to the unsuspecting and believers that the “law” was abolished at the cross. The 613 Mosaic Laws were written in a “book” and kept at the side of the Ark of the Covenant, while the 10 Laws of GOD written with His finger on stone taken from His Throne were kept protectively inside the Ark of the Covenant under His Shekinah Glory….this brings tears to my eyes. Glory Hallelujah! What a sight that must have been!!!

    • James Duncan says:

      The term “Mosaic Law” was used when the first five books of the Bible, the Torah, were names “Moses 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5.” All 613 Commandments were given by God. The Bible clearly says this. Hebrew uses different words for babbinical additions to and interpretations of the Law of God. There are thousands of additions and

      The Ten Declarations (“Aseret HaDvarim”) as the Bible refers to the text written on the Tablets of Proof contains 14 Commandments.
      1: It is commanded to have faith in the existence of HaShem, and in his complete and unfettered power.

      2: It is forbidden to recognize the option of worshiping anything other than HaShem (the God od Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob).

      3: It is forbidden to make idols for yourself (for any follower of HaShem). This refers to anything that can reasonably be expected to become an object of worship.

      4: It is forbidden to worship idols in the four ways given to us in the Torah for the worship of HaShem (prostrations, animal offerings, burning incense, pouring out a libation offering).

      5: It is forbidden to show respect towards idols in the ways of idolatry and Paganism.

      6: It is forbidden to use of the Name of God in any pointless, disrespectful, or deceitful way.

      7: It is required to separate the Sabbath for HaShem’s purposes.

      8: It is forbidden to do mlakha (drudgery) on Sabbath. (Avodah (service to God and mankind) is permitted – Religious Services, Law enforcement, military service, medical service, emergency services, and what must be provided at all times to protect and save lives.)

      9: It is required to honor one’s parents on all levels.

      10: It is forbidden to violate the Covenant of Marriage or mock the Institution of Marriage.

      11: It is forbidden to murder another person (killing motivated by hatred) or to intentionally commit actions that make a person wish that he or she was dead. Taking human life in self defense, national defense, mercy killing, suicide, and in the execution of a capital conviction are permitted.

      12: It is forbidden to steal people (kidnap and enslave people). (theft of objects is forbidden in another part of the Torah (in Leviticus)

      13: It is forbidden to make false accusation against another person or allow a third party’s false accusations to go unopposed if you have knowledge that the accusation is false or if the accusation has not been proved (suspicions cannot be stated as facts)

      14: It is forbidden to covet. Covetous is not just desiring to achieve what another has accomplished; rather it is resenting other people for those things with which God has blessed them.

  5. What a beautiful article. The possibility of this is absolutely profound. Thank you so much!

  6. Karev Krassimir says:

    The original “terrible crystal” (see Ezekiel 1:22) CANNOT BE BROKEN! Through this crystal has become the creation of the this world. When this very special crystal works – it radiates Light (see Genesis 1:3). That – it was broken – this is a later fiction and an addition by the Jewish priests fine-tuned the Old Testament texts. This original crystal – contained special “software” written by Lord Yahweh inside the sapphire, containing the commandments for the movement of the heavenly bodies in the Solar System – “I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even my hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded.” (Isaiah 45:12). After King Solomon, when this original sapphire/crystal was hidden, the Jews took two ordinary stone tablets and an iron chisel, with a diamond tip, engraved on the plain stones of the 10 commandments of God – “The sin of Judah is written with a pen of iron, and with the point of a diamond: it is graven upon the table of their heart”. But the true “commandments” of the Lord were recorded by the Lord within that special crystal – “And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables”. This is how it is shown where the text has changed slightly – it was not engraved on the surface of the plates, and the commands (not the 10 commands!) were written inside the crystal like a chip… The Jews have elevated Moses’ authority and the 10 commandments of God’s commandments, but this is a GREAT LIE! “Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken away the key of knowledge: ye entered not in yourselves, and them that were entering in ye hindered.” (Luke 11:52). This original crystal – is hidden – here on Earth.

  7. Good morning!

    I’m at work and was sharing with someone about God’s throne being made of sapphire. My Google search brought me here and you ALL have done a great job in collaborating some real good information. I appreciate the notes and the hint of kindness on this thread. Thank you and keep up the GOOD work.

  8. The only problem with the theory lay in the fact these heavenly sapphire tablets, engineered by Yahweh Himself, broke when Moses threw them down [Exodus 32:19]. Sapphire can only be cut by diamond and is itself a cutting stone. Could such solid material break on impact? That would imply flaws in the stone, impossible if quarried out of heaven itself. They were probably basalt.

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