David is the Prince Over Israel in the Millennium

David Prince Over Israel

In the latter days the children of Israel will seek the LORD and David their king (Hos. 3:5).  The Israelites will serve the LORD and David, whom will be raised up for their sake (Jer. 30:9).  David’s position is of such prominence in Israel that only the Lord Jesus outranks him.  Ezekiel 34:23-24:

And I will set up over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he shall feed them: he shall feed them and be their shepherd.  And I, the LORD, will be their God, and my servant David shall be prince among them. I am the LORD; I have spoken.

The LORD promises that He will rescue His flock Israel and judge between the sheep (Ezek. 34:22).  Jesus will then install David as the shepherd who will feed Israel spiritually (v. 23).  This is not unlike Jesus assigning Peter as a shepherd or pastor who was to feed the sheep that are God’s people (John 21:1-17).  While David is to be the prince over Israel, he is still a subject of the LORD Jesus (v. 24).  This may be why David is spoken of as a prince in some passages but as a king in others.  David will be a king relative to Israel but only a prince when compared to the King of kings.  In Ezekiel 37:24-25, David is referred to as being both a king and a prince in the same narrative.  The use of both titles hints at David’s status as the head of Israel while he serves under the Sovereign of the entire earth.

Prince David’s duties will include collecting and then presenting sacrifices on behalf of the people of Israel (Ezek. 45:16-17; 46:4-12).  He will eat from these sacrificial meals before the Lord Jesus in the hallowed outer east gate of the temple (Ezek. 44:1-3; 46:12).  David will enjoy the privilege of overseeing the observance of the Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles.  On Passover the prince will provide for the people and himself a bull for a sin offering.  He shall present various other offerings during the seven days of Passover and the seven days of the Feast of Tabernacles (Ezek. 45:22-25).

The prestige attached to David in these passages has led even those who usually interpret the Bible literally to argue that it is actually the Messiah who is in mind here.  The claim is that Jesus is being called David because He is his descendant.  This is impossible.  Jesus would never need to provide a sin offering for Himself, nor does He have sons (Ezek. 46:16).  The Messiah is divine (e.g. Is. 9:6-7) and it is He who is called LORD in Ezekiel 44:1-3.  In this passage and others, the LORD is differentiated from Ezekiel’s prince.  Even if the prince mentioned in Ezekiel chapters 44-46 was distinct from David the prince in Ezekiel chapters 34 and 37, there is still nothing in those contexts that identifies David as the Messiah.  Also, none of the passages refer to the Son or Branch of David, which is common when anticipating the Messiah.  Even if the Messiah is to fulfill some of these prophecies, David will undoubtedly occupy a high office.  It is perfectly in keeping with the overall thrust of Scripture that David would be given much responsibility in the Millennial Kingdom.  David is mentioned almost a thousand times in God’s Word.  Only Jesus is mentioned or referred to more often among men.


  1. […] and manipulate the currency (45:9-12).  God will no longer allow this with the installment of David as His prince in the Millennium (cf. Ezek. 34:23-24; 37:24-25).  In some respects, the prince is akin to a high priest.  In […]

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