The Premillennialism of Polycarp

Polycarp lived from about A.D. 65 to 155, and finds himself among the greatest Christians the world has ever witnessed.  He was a friend of and fellow pupil alongside Ignatius under the apostle John.  Archbishop James Ussher identified Polycarp as the angel of the church in Smyrna,[1] spoken of by Jesus Himself in Revelation 2:8.[2]  […]

The Premillennialism of Papias

Alongside Polycarp, Papias was a student of the apostle John.  He was the bishop of Hierpolis in Phrygia and was martyred in 163 AD (around the same time that Polycarp was martyred).  In addition to enjoying friendship with the apostle John, Papias intimately knew several others who had been alive to interact with Jesus and […]

The Premillennialism of Irenaeus

 Irenaeus lived from A.D. 120 to 202, and he served as the bishop of the church in what is now Lyon France.  He was a pupil of the bishop of Smyrna and martyr Polycarp[1], himself a student of the apostle John.  Irenaeus being only one teacher removed from the disciple whom Jesus loved (e.g. John […]

Papias Said Judas Was an Amillennialist

The Ante-Nicene Church Father Irenaeus taught extensively on Chiliasm (the Millennial Kingdom of Jesus upon the Earth beginning after His Second Coming) in his fifth book of Against Heresies.  In chapter thirty-three, Irenaeus provides further proofs that mandate a Chiliastic or Premillennial realization of the Kingdom.  This includes the blessing made from Isaac to Jacob: […]

The Gospel of Matthew Was First Written in Hebrew

Though no copies are extant, there is good historical evidence that Matthew’s Gospel was first written in Hebrew.  Around 130 A.D., Church father Papias (a former student of the Apostle John) explained: So then Matthew wrote the oracles in the Hebrew language, and everyone interpreted them as he was able.  (Recorded by Eusebius in Church […]

The Ante-Nicene Church and Non-Systematized Eschatology

INTRODUCTION A high percentage of the Ante-Nicene church fathers held to a premillennial return of Christ.  At times a given father made prima facie contrary statements regarding the timing and nature of this advent.  The inquiry here considers how these contrary statements may actually be in harmony when the father’s writings and historical setting are […]

Irenaeus Did Not Teach that Jesus Lived into His Fifties Before Being Crucified

Several ante-Nicene Church Fathers confirm that Revelation was written toward the end of Domitian’s reign. This places the date of Revelation’s composition at approximately 95 or 96 A.D. Irenaeus’ teaching on this represents the earliest extant quote on the matter. Because the partial and full preterists scheme falls apart if Revelation was written after 70 […]